3. Goals

Lack of time and lack of motivation are among the most frequently cited barriers to exercise participation for men and women with less than 55 years of age (Biddle and Mutrie 2008). This chapter will shortly discuss how to find time for training and how to set realistic goals.

Time Management

Every day we have 24 hours (or 1440 minutes); every lost hour (or minute) never comes back. Although better technology allows things to be done more quickly, at the same time, people have more options and opportunities and they can hardly be accommodated all of them. Time management (or monitoring and controlling) is very important in today’s hectic life. Elite athletes try to make intensive use of time: they try to extract the maximum available time to improve sport and life obligations, and well-being (Macquet and Skalej 2015). A review (Claessens et al. 2007) demonstrated that time management behaviors relate positively to perceived control of time, job satisfaction, and health, and negatively to stress. Based on a review on time management articles (Hellsten 2012) and self-books on avoiding time shortage (Larsson and Sanne 2005) the following steps are recommended:

The interested reader could try the Time Management Behavior (TMB) and the Time Management Questionnaire (TMQ) scales. These instruments appear to possess the strongest evidence of validity and reliability in measuring general time management skills and behaviors (see details in Hellsten 2012).